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Lawmakers Urge Medical Device Exemption from Tariffs

Washington –Congressmen Erik Paulsen (MN-03) and Scott Peters (CA-52) this week are leading a bipartisan effort to urge U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to exempt almost $3 billion worth of medical device products from China from Section 301 tariffs. Forty lawmakers from both parties signed a letter to Ambassador Lighthizer voicing concerns about how the proposed tariffs will harm America’s thriving medical device industry.

“As you know, the U.S. medical technology industry is an American success story,” the lawmakers wrote. “This U.S. industry has been historically competitive on a global level and is one of the few with a consistent trade surplus.” 

“With its growing economy and middle class, rapidly aging population, and increased demand for medical technology, China will continue to be an attractive market for U.S. manufacturers. With that in mind, we are concerned that inclusion of medical devices on any final Section 301 tariff list could lead to retaliation that would jeopardize these opportunities,”the lawmakers continued.

For these, and other reasons, we are requesting that all medical technology products be removed from the Section 301 tariff list,” they wrote. “Not doing so would not only hurt U.S. manufacturing as the majority of imports from China are inputs to manufacture finished medical technology products right here in America, but also impacts their ability to compete globally, and potentially increase healthcare costs, which would limit patient access to life-saving technology. 

“It could also invite retaliation from the Chinese Government through tariffs on U.S. medical technology products, or through non-tariff barriers such as new regulatory and payment hurdles that could delay or prevent timely market access.  These actions would only benefit China's domestic manufacturers at the expense of U.S. manufacturers.”

“We are encouraged that you are conducting a public comment process to understand the implications of any tariffs and make adjustments to the preliminary list before any tariffs are imposed. We look forward to working with you to address our concerns,” the lawmakers concluded.

The full text of the letter is below, and a signed copy of the letter is available here.

 

 

May 15, 2018

 

The Honorable Robert E. Lighthizer

United States Trade Representative

Office of the United States Trade Representative

600 17th Street NW

Washington, DC 20508

 

Dear Ambassador Lighthizer:

 

We appreciate your continued leadership in representing the United States with our allies.  The task of overseeing and promoting our trade policy is a difficult challenge in an ever-changing global environment.  In particular, we stand ready to work with you to address the challenges presented by China’s role in global trade. 

However, we are concerned by the recent announcement to potentially subject almost $3 billion worth of medical technology products from China to the Section 301 tariffs, and we request that medical technology products be removed from the list.  For the reasons explained below, we do not believe that imposing additional tariffs on medical technology products would advance the policy objective you have articulated, which is to target products that benefit from China’s industrial and economic plans while minimizing the impact on the U.S. economy.

As you know, the U.S. medical technology industry is an American success story.  This U.S. industry has been historically competitive on a global level and is one of the few with a consistent trade surplus.  In 2017, U.S exports of medical technology products to the world totaled $52.5 billion, and imports were $51.4 billion – a surplus of $1.1 billion.

The Chinese market for medical technology represents a significant growth opportunity for U.S. manufacturers.  The Chinese market is valued at over $25 billion and the country imports about 70 percent of its medical devices, with imports expected to continue to grow.  U.S. companies are the leading suppliers of medical devices to China, with a 33 percent share of all medical device imports, or approximately $5 billion of the total China medical device market.  With its growing economy and middle class, rapidly aging population, and increased demand for medical technology, China will continue to be an attractive market for U.S. manufacturers.  With that in mind, we are concerned that inclusion of medical devices on any final Section 301 tariff list could lead to retaliation that would jeopardize these opportunities. 

Imposing tariffs on medical technology products from China also ignores the nearly balanced trade relationship between U.S. and China in medical technology products.  The U.S. trade deficit with China in medical technology products is negligible and shrinking yearly to under $400,000,000 in 2017 ($4.7 billion exports/$5 billion imports).  In fact, we understand that the U.S. currently has a surplus with China for the medical device products included on the Section 301 proposed tariff list.

For these, and other reasons, we are requesting that all medical technology products be removed from the Section 301 tariff list.  Not doing so would not only hurt U.S. manufacturing as the majority of imports from China are inputs to manufacture finished medical technology products right here in America, but also impacts their ability to compete globally, and potentially increase healthcare costs, which would limit patient access to life-saving technology.  It could also invite retaliation from the Chinese Government through tariffs on U.S. medical technology products, or through non-tariff barriers such as new regulatory and payment hurdles that could delay or prevent timely market access.  These actions would only benefit China's domestic manufacturers at the expense of U.S. manufacturers. 

A focus on addressing current threats posed by China, including long-standing intellectual property theft and forced technology transfer, is warranted and clearly detailed in your March 22 report.  However, the medical technology industry was not mentioned in the 183-page document.  The report contained no evidence of intellectual property theft involving U.S. medical technology manufacturers and included no mention of forced technology transfers in this sector.  More importantly, the report did not cover what the industry has identified to the Administration as its priority issues with China, such as the need for regulatory and payment reforms.

Thank you for your time and attention to this important matter.  We are encouraged that you are conducting a public comment process to understand the implications of any tariffs and make adjustments to the preliminary list before any tariffs are imposed.  We look forward to working with you to address our concerns.

 

Sincerely,

 

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Erik Paulsen                                                                            Scott H. Peters

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Leonard Lance                                                                        Jim Banks

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Darin LaHood                                                                         Jackie Walorski

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

_________________                                                              __________________

Barbara Comstock                                                                  Ryan Costello

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

           

__________________                                                            __________________

Ron Kind                                                                                Bob Gibbs

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Charlie Crist                                                                            Juan Vargas

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Julia Brownley                                                                        Ami Bera

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Bradley S. Schneider                                                              J. Luis Correa

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Salud O. Carbajal                                                                    Anna G. Eshoo

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Tom Emmer                                                                            John Katko

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

John Garamendi                                                                      Larry Bucshon, M.D.

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Elise Stefanik                                                                          Suzan DelBene

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Ann McLane Kuster                                                               Fred Upton

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Colleen Hanabusa                                                                   Jim Himes

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Dave Reichert                                                                         Jason Lewis

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Ed Perlmutter                                                                          Kyrsten Sinema

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

 

__________________                                                            __________________

Randy Hultgren                                                                      Pete Aguilar

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

______________________                                                    __________________

Jackie Speier                                                                           Susan W. Brooks

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

______________________                                                    __________________

Seth Moulton                                                                          Brendan F. Boyle

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress

 

 

______________________                                                    __________________

Mike Coffman                                                                                    Eric Swalwell

Member of Congress                                                               Member of Congress